Articles on Modern Day Enslavement - Zola M Dube

Human Trafficking (Modern Day Slavery)*

The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve consent of a person having control over another person, for purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or removal of organ.

– United Nations (Definition of Human Trafficking)


  • Child Sex Trafficking is one of many forms of Human Trafficking
  • Human Trafficking is the worlds fastest-growing criminal industry
  • 127 different countries engage in human trafficking
  • Annual revenue $5 to $9 billion
  • Annual market about $42.5 billion
  • 2.5 million people are trafficked annually
  • 80% of victims are female
  • In the United States every 10 minutes a woman or child is trafficked
  • Every 6 seconds there is a new victim of trafficking in world
  • Trafficking in children 10 times higher than trans-Atlantic slave trade peak
  • Human Trafficking will surpass drug dealing, arms trading
  • Nearly every country involved in web of trafficking activities
  • Sexual exploitation predominate form of trafficking
  • Victims recruited using coercion, deception, fraud, abuse of power, or abduction
  • Children usually subsumed under trafficking-of-women (numbers unreliable, need for better data analysis tools)


  • Today over 8 million children worldwide are slaves
  • 1.8 million of these children are forced into prostitution or pornography
  • Each year 1.2 million more children are forced into slavery. That’s over 3,000 per day
  • Girls as young as 5 are sold into sexual slavery and forced to work in brothels
  • A girl in a brothel is forced to have sex with as many as 20 customers a night
  • Child Sex Trafficking is a catalyst in transmission of STDs, HIV/AIDS to girls and boys (including infants – see blog “virgin cure” or “virgin myth”)



Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2004

  • Passed by US Congress October 2000
  • U.S. Dept. of State, Office to Monitor & Combat Trafficking

Annual global Trafficking in Person Report(Tier Placement 1 to 3)

  • U.S. Dept. of Justice – 400 cases prosecuted (2000)
  • U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services – assists victims
  • U.S. Dept. of Labor – funds anti-trafficking programs overseas
  • Monitors US abusive labor practices
  • U.S. Dept.of Homeland Security – over 1500 T visas to victims


United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT) 5

  • Based of UN international agreements
  • Over 117 countries signed Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children

(1) Source: Help stop Child Slavery.


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